This photo is often shared with caption referring to cats like “We’ve been playing with cats for a very long time indeed. Fragment from ancient Egypt”
The relief is not from ancient Egypt. It’s an modern artwork by “DownUnderPharaoh”, an Australian sculptor. You can check the details on Etsy.
Debunk by PicPedant on Twitter is below. Note that this was quite difficult to fact check. Reverse image search didn’t give useful results. See PicPedants thread: