I’m a security professional from Finland. This blog is about identifying fake or hoax pictures.

General definitions:
Fake – picture is modified (“photoshopped”)
Hoax – picture is not necessarily modified, but taken out of context

Fake and hoax pictures are often used for propaganda, but also for other purposes like increasing popularity in social media.

Online profiles: HoaxEye Twitter, YouTube and Facebook
Personal profile: JanneFI (Twitter),
Security blog: www.janne.is

See also:
HoaxOfFame (Twitter) and hoaxoffame.tumblr.com
PicPedant (Twitter)
FakeAstropix (Twitter)
First Draft (Twitter)
Matt Novak (Twitter)
Hoax-Slayer (Twitter)
Stop Fake (Twitter)
Doubtful News (Twitter)
Mick West (Twitter) – metabunk.org
It’s an Urban Legend (Twitter)
UFO of Interest (Twitter) – ufoofinterest.org
bellingcat (Twitter)
Quote Investigator (Twitter) – quoteinvestigator.com
Fotoforensics.com by Dr. Neal Krawetz
TinEye – reverse image search tool
Image Raider – reverse image search tool
Waffles At Noon

About my profile image

As HoaxEye, I’m currently using the following profile image created by my friend:


This profile picture is a derivative artwork based on two different images:

  1. Aerial view of New York City and Empire State Building – a stock photo licensed from iStock. This license is non-transferable meaning other persons may not use the content.
  2. A screenshot of a copyrighted television program – Star Trek The Next Generation, Season 1, Episode 1. Fictional character Data, played by Brent Spiner, has been copied from this screenshot and altered digitally.

Fair use rationale for “Data” character (based on  fair use rationales of Wikipedia):

  • There exists no free alternative pictures, nor can one be created. Data is a fictional character, all images of him are necessarily copyrighted
  • This image respects commercial opportunities – a cropped screenshot cannot meaningfully compete with a 44-minute episode.
  • The image represents a minimal use – it is a cropped screenshot – less than a single frame from an episode that has over 50,000 frames. It is of a reasonable low resolution. The background of the screenshot has been removed
  • The image has been previously published in the broadcast, as well as sold on DVD Star Trek The Next Generation episode “Encounter at Farpoint”
  • The image is of a major character from a culturally significant series of television shows
  • The image – alone or as part of the profile picture – generally meets the image use policy of Twitter, YouTube and Facebook
  • The image is used only in the profile picture above
  • The image copyright is owned by Paramount Pictures
  • The image/profile picture is not being used commercially

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